The year our daughter Jane was born, my husband and I almost forgot to claim her on our taxes. She was a newborn, our accountant hadn’t seen us in a year — so she’d never seen me pregnant — and our tax appointments never involved chitchat, so the fact that we’d become parents wasn’t part of the conversation.
Luckily, we somehow remembered. Plus, because we’d been smart enough to apply for Jane’s Social Security number while still in the hospital after the birth, we had her number and were able to use it for the Child Tax Credit.
Ours is not an isolated situation — of parents either forgetting or not knowing how to take advantage of the tax benefits that having children affords. “Parents have a general understanding that tax benefits exist for their situation,” says Mark Steber, Chief Tax Officer at Jackson Hewitt Tax Service, “but because they don’t know what they are or which ones they qualify for, far too many go unclaimed.”
Steber says that parents are often so overwhelmed with the tax credit options that they opt not to claim any at all. That’s thousands of dollars you could be missing out on each year.
If you’re a parent, listen up: Here are 8 tax benefits that many parents may forget to claim on their tax return. (Note: Always discuss your tax options with a professional. These are just suggestions to keep in mind.)
- Child Tax Credit: Once you have a baby — adopted children qualify — you can claim up to $1,000 per child on your tax return. As long as your child has a Social Security number and is under age 17 — and meets the IRS criteria (including the child’s relationship to you and his/her residence) — the tax credit is yours to claim on your tax return. (Here are 10 tips about the child tax credit from the IRS.)
- Dependent Exemption: The IRS allows you to deduct a certain amount from your Adjusted Gross Income just for having dependents (i.e. children). As long as the child lives for you for at least half a year and is under age 19 or is under age 24 and a full-time student, Turbo Tax says that you can claim the $4,050 exemption.
- Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit: While this sounds similar to the Child Tax Credit, it’s not. A family might be able to claim both. This tax credit allows working parents who rely on some kind of child care to claim a portion of those expenses on their taxes. But get this: The IRS defines childcare not just as daycare but nearly any entity that has a tax ID number that you send your child (under age 13) to while you are working. When my daughters were younger and attended camps, we always made sure we chose camps with tax ID numbers so we could include those expenses as part of the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit. According to the American Institute of CPAs, this credit could be worth up to $3,000 for one qualifying child and $6,000 for more than one. Many parents I’ve spoken to have no idea that summer camps qualify.
- Volunteer Work Deduction: While the IRS does not have a formal name for this deduction, it’s good to know about if you volunteer your time as a Girl Scout leader or a PTA member at your child’s school — and itemize your tax deductions. That is, you can list on your itemized tax return mileage and any documented expenses for which you were not reimbursed related to this volunteer work. To qualify, you must be volunteering for what the IRS calls a “qualified organization,” and that includes many nonprofit educational organizations.
- Charitable Contributions: If you decide to clean out your child’s closet of toys, games and clothing, and then donate them to a “qualified organization” — and get a receipt — you can deduct that on your itemized taxes, up to a certain amount. Who knew your kids’ clutter could help put more cash in your pocket via a tax deduction? Again, you must submit an itemized tax return to qualify for this deduction.
- Adoption Credit: Did you adopt a child in 2017? If so, you may be eligible to claim the Adoption Credit and some expenses related to that adoption on your tax return. Keep in mind that like so many of these tax credits, there are income limits that could affect your eligibility. However, with the Adoption Credit, that “limit” is pretty generous — those earning as much as $203,540 may still qualify.
- The American Opportunity Credit: You can claim this tax credit for up to $2,500 for college-related expenses for your child if your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is $80,000 or less ($160,000 or less for married filing jointly).
- Earned Income Tax Credit: Families who earned less than a certain amount each year qualify for the Earned Income Tax Credit. Earned Income and adjusted gross income (AGI) must each be less than:
- $48,340 ($53,930 married filing jointly) with three or more qualifying children
- $45,007 ($50,597 married filing jointly) with two qualifying children
- $39,617 ($45,207 married filing jointly) with one qualifying child
- $15,010 ($20,600 married filing jointly) with no qualifying children
Tax Year 2017 maximum credit:
- $6,318 with three or more qualifying children
- $5,616 with two qualifying children
- $3,400 with one qualifying child
- $510 with no qualifying children”
Last year, our daughter Jane turned 17. That means that when filing our tax return, we can’t apply for the Child Tax Credit for her because she is too old. However, we still have a few more years for her to be our dependent in the IRS’ eyes and allow us to “claim” her as an exemption on our taxes.
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