The weather is beautiful, and you want to get outdoors with your family, away from TV and video games. Lace up those walking shoes and take the kids on a hike. Look for a big park, a nature preserve or a designated open space with trails that’s a short drive from home and hit the road.
Wait, you might be thinking, is hiking as a family even doable? We don’t have gear, my kids are bound to get tired and complain, and I have no idea how to make hiking fun. Besides, how many miles can a kid even hike?
Relax. Hiking with kids can be tons of fun, but you need to think ahead a bit. Here are some tips for planning a hike with kids that will guarantee a fun family adventure for all.
1. Pick a kid-friendly trail.
When hiking with kids, be sure the hike is appropriate for the age and abilities of the kids you’re taking. Kids younger than 6 won’t hike as far or be as interested as school-age kids. How many miles can your kids hike? We recommend starting with a one-mile or shorter flat trail for the littlest kids. Elementary-school kids can walk a few miles; try 2 or 3 miles for a first hike. Tweens and teens can go even farther.
Don’t make the hike too long or kids will get tired and cranky. Better to have it end before they’re tired, so they’ll want to go again.
We’ve found that kids are more motivated if there’s a reward at the end of the hike or things to do along the way. A toddler might enjoy a short nature trail, perhaps with a hollowed-out tree to explore a stepping-stone path over a stream. Older kids might be motivated by a waterfall, beach or scrambling rocks at the end of the trail.
2. Be prepared for your family hike.
Make sure kids wear sturdy shoes and clothing appropriate for the weather (preferably with layers that can be put on or taken off as the temperature rises and falls). Definitely wear or pack a hat and a jacket, in case the weather turns iffy. If you are pretty sure it’s going to rain, hike another day.
Don’t forget to apply sunscreen or bug spray BEFORE you head out, and take a small bottle with you to reapply mid-hike. Each kid needs a light backpack with water, more snacks than you think you’ll need, notebook and pencil. They might want to bring a stuffed animal (for companionship) or a kid camera if they have one.
Parents will want to pack a first-aid kit with plenty of bandaids, extra water and a camera for capturing all the highlights. If you’re hiking with a toddler, know that they’ll likely ask to be carried at some point. If you still have a baby carrier that can hold their weight, you’d be wise to pack it.
3. Set a hiking goal.
Kids do well with structure, so set expectations. Tell them you’ll walk until you reach the beaver pond at the end of the trail or a meadow frequented by butterflies. Or that you’re doing a one-mile loop, and you’ll end up back at the car. It gives the kids something to look forward to, and they won’t feel like they’re wandering aimlessly forever.
You can also set mini-goals along the way. Announce you’ll stop for a rest and a snack when you reach the top of the hill or when a five-minute timer goes off. It will make the hike more manageable for short attention spans.
4. Take a guidebook.
If you’re bird-watching, a field guide to birds is a perfect accompaniment to your hike. Let the kids look up the bird you’ve just spotted, and whoever spotted it first gets to read all about it. If they like flowers, bring along a guide to native wildflowers. The National Audubon Society has a series of regional field guides that include animals, plants, flowers, birds and more. One guide serves many purposes. Or pick up a FREE guide at the trailhead, if one is available.
5. Bring binoculars, if you have them.
It is much more exciting to see a magnified view of a bird feeding its young or a deer grazing with its fawn. If you own binoculars, bring them with you, but know that young children often have trouble adjusting the view to see well. If they can manage to focus the binoculars, using them will help the kids keep a respectable distance from the wildlife and get an up-close-and-personal look at the same time. Binoculars are also good for viewing the scenery from a tall hill or mountain peak.
6. Make hiking fun with a game.
Your family hike will be more fun, and the kids will be more engaged and less likely to whine, if you can create a game out of your adventure. See who spots the most wildflowers that are NOT yellow. Have them write down what they see or even take time to stop and sketch it. (Artistic types may want to add colored pencils to their backpacks.) Encourage kids to bring a disposable camera, and create a photo scavenger hunt for them. (For example, take a picture of a leafy plant, a flower, a living creature, something red, etc.)
Another fun thing to do on a hike is geocaching. Look for a trail with a hidden geocache, and your kids can enjoy a real-world treasure hunt. Pack a small item to leave behind once you find the geocache.
7. Give each child a task.
Kids love to be in charge! Assign tasks on your family hike to give your kids a sense of importance and beat hiking boredom. One child can be in charge of identifying insects, trees or even animal scat. You can pick up small identifier guidebooks at bookstores; tuck one into each backpack to surprise them with their specific role in the hike. Another child might be tasked with finding litter on the trail, or seeking out heart-shaped rocks or leaves. Make it fun for everyone.
8. Talk about respecting nature
Lessons are more fun when they’re hands-on and not in a classroom. Teach your kids as you walk about not feeding wild animals, not picking wildflowers, staying on the trail and not leaving trash behind (i.e., take nothing but pictures and leave nothing but footprints). Ask them if they have questions; the conversation will distract them as they hike in addition to educating them.
9. Sing songs and tell stories
Another fun thing to do on a hike to pass the time is to sing songs and tell stories. Sing a song with a marching rhythm and have everyone match their steps to the beat of the song. Call-and-response camp songs are fun ways to involve the whole family, even if your kids don’t know the song.
Alternatively, make up a story as you walk. You can find inspiration in the natural setting of your hike (e.g. the troll who lives under the pond or the first people to discover this meadow) or in your kids’ favorite TV shows. Get the kids’ creativity flowing and try a five-word or pass-along story where someone starts the story then hands over the telling to the next person, who tells a bit more then hands the narrative to the next family member. You can get some pretty wacky tales that way, as you laugh your way down the trail.
10. Make a scrapbook.
When you get back, take time to review what you have seen. Maybe it was a bee collecting pollen or a turtle sunning itself on a rock. Let the kids draw pictures or write down what they saw. The “scrapbook” doesn’t have to be anything more than a spiral notebook. Find a picture in a magazine to glue on the cover, to individualize each one.
You’ve created a fun outdoor experience with a little education thrown in, and a great memory to boot. Even better, it didn’t cost you much but time.
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