Passover is normally a holiday for gathering friends and family together. With most people staying away from anyone but immediate family, gathering is not an option for many this year. That doesn’t mean you can’t celebrate Passover, with a virtual Seder or other special observance.
Passover this year, 2020, is from sundown April 8 to sundown April 16. Traditionally, a Seder is held the first two nights, although it can be held other nights as well.
It’s not unheard of for people to use videoconferencing to share a celebration with far-flung friends and relatives, but this year it will be done on an unprecedented scale.
Popular video call platforms are Zoom, Google Hangouts, Facebook and Skype, and all would work fine. Here is our guide to Zoom, Google Hangouts, Facetime and Skype.
It’s tricky to use technology for the Seder, because there are differing interpretations of Jewish laws that govern work during the Sabbath and on holidays like Passover.
Jews with different practices will have different levels of concern about using electronics during the Seder. For some, it is not an option. In those cases, why not have a pre-Seder Zoom gathering? Please consult your own Rabbinic authority to verify that what you’re planning is consistent with your practice and belief.
However, some Jewish authorities have suggested:
- Activating the Zoom meeting before sundown (keeping in mind the time zones of all who are participating)
- Using a virtual assistant, like Siri or Alexa, to activate the stream. See Streaming Seder, from The Rabbinical Assembly.
If you are in different time zones, start early enough so that whoever lives furthest to the east will be able to sign off before candle-lighting arrives in their time zone.
In these times, you might especially want to send greetings to friends and family who can’t be with you. You can send Passover e-cards. You can send a free Passover e-card from Chabad. The organization has an extensive guide to celebrating Passover in the time of coronavirus.
Among the traditional foods served at Passover are brisket, roasted chicken, matzo ball soup, potato kugel and coconut macaroons. More people than ever are cooking this year, and we’ve found these Passover recipes.
- 25 ways to use Matzoh
- Who needs bread? Here are 31 Passover desserts.
- Passover pizza with crispy cauliflower crust
- Passover recipes from your favorite Food Network chefs
- Kid-friendly passover recipes
- 25 vegetarian Passover recipes
- Chabad Passover recipes
- Bon Appetit Passover recipes
- Allrecipes top Passover recipes
- 23 Passover Dinner Recipes from Delish
- Coconut macaroons
Passover games and fun for the kids
- DIY a felt seder plate, origami jumping frogs and 10 plagues for the Seder
- Free Seder kit for toddlers and preschoolers.
- Passover online games, videos, songs, coloring pages and more.
The Story of Passover
Passover commemorates the biblical story of Exodus, when Hebrew slaves were freed from bondage in Egypt. The story is told in the Book of Exodus, Chapters 1-15. So, Passover is a celebration of freedom.
When the Israelites were freed, legend has it that they left in a hurry and could not wait for their bread dough to rise, which is why no leavened (raised) bread is eaten during Passover. Instead, it is replaced by matzo or matzah, a flat, unleavened bread. Passover is observed by avoiding chametz or leavened bread (including even the presence of chametz in the house).
The first night of Passover begins with the Seder, a ceremonial meal containing the following six symbolic foods on a plate, used in an orderly ritual during the telling of the story of the Exodus.
The items on the Seder plate each represent something about that story. Here’s a very brief description of each of those objects. You will certainly find other interpretations of the symbolism of each of these objects.
- Shank bone (zeroa): a roasted bone that represents the Paschal (lamb) sacrifice made by the ancient Hebrews.
- Boiled/roasted egg (beitzh): stands in place of a sacrificial offering performed in the days of the Second Temple
- Maror (bitter herb): Horseradish is commonly used, but any bitter herb will work. It refers to the bitterness of slavery.
- Charoset: A sweet mixture of apples, nuts, wine and cinnamon, which represents the mortar the Hebrew slaves used to make bricks.
- Karpas: A green vegetable, usually parsley, dipped into salt water or vinegar, symbolizing the tears of the slaves.
- Hazaret: A second bitter herb, with the same symbolism as Maror.
Other elements of the Seder that you might have heard about:
- 4 glasses of wine (or juice) are consumed by participants.
- Matzah, unleavened bread, is a big part of Passover. It reminds us of the haste with which the Jews left Egypt.
- The Afikomen is a piece broken off from the matzah during the Seder. Many families’ traditions call for it to be hidden. Then, the children look for it, and return it for a reward. There are other variations of this tradition. For instance, in some families, the children steal it and ransom it for a reward.
- The 4 questions: traditionally, the youngest child recites the “4 questions,” which cover the basics of why Passover is special and important.
The Haggadah is the book that guides participants through the Seder. The word Haggadah means “telling,” as it tells the story of the Exodus from Egypt. You can purchase a Haggadah, but there are countless versions that you can download and print, for personal use. Here are a few:
- Hebrew/English Haggadah, from Chabad
- The Passover Haggadah (in English) from Jewish Federation
- Coloring Book Haggadah
- Contemporary Haggadahfrom JewishBoston
- Build-Your-Own Haggadah
- Haggadah for children with special needs and a Parent and Educator’s Guide to Using this Haggadah