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Apr 102013
 
 April 10, 2013  Posted by  Cars, Features, Hot Deals, Travel
gas pump fuel

My local gas station recently installed Gas Station TV. It’s loud and annoying – I just want to pump in peace! Between that and a price of $4.25 a gallon for regular, I don’t ever want to go to the gas station.

There are a lot of good tips for saving gas that are also well known, such as keeping the trunk empty and turning off the engine instead of idling. If you have mastered those and want to try something else to keep you away from the pump, there are the more extreme tips of a type that get tested on the TV show Mythbusters. Known as hypermiling, these obscure driving techniques improve gas mileage, no matter what type of car you drive, but they aren’t as easy. Some hypermilers are willing to wear ice packs so that they can keep their windows rolled up and air conditioning off in the worst of summer. That’s a bit much for most of us, even in a world with Gas Station TV. But some techniques are just slightly unconventional and do add up over time.

Three hypermiling techniques have been tested by the Mythbusters:

Keeping the car clean: The Mythbusters found that a clean car gets better gas mileage than a dirty one. It may be time to heed the “Wash Me” graffito that the neighbor kid traced on your trunk.

Avoiding left turns and busy streets: UPS uses software to plan routes so that their drivers make very few left turns, saving on gasoline. Drivers make left turns only if a series of right turns would make the route too crazy. The Mythbusters info is mixed on this; they found that this method did not save gasoline with a car, but it did with a truck. Of course, they used only right and left turns rather than an optimized route. In areas with many one-way streets or bad intersections, you may find that the left-turn lane works best. I changed a few of my routes on weekends when traffic makes left turns horrendous, but go left the rest of the week. I also started making right turns at minor streets rather than major ones, which means I no longer get stuck behind three cars at a stop light when I want to turn.

Relax: Play music that makes you happy. Crabby drivers use more gas than happy ones. This is easier if your kids haven’t started dividing up the back seat and screaming whenever a sibling’s hand encroaches.

The main website for hypermilers is EcoModder. Here’s where you can find the most extreme driving tips. Some of these should be tested by the Mythbusters, but others make a lot of sense. For example:

Pull through when parking: Whenever possible, pull through a space so that you are facing out. If you can’t do that, back into the space. The worst thing is to back out of a space, because the reversing required uses a lot of gas when the engine is cold. Also, facing forward when you pull out of a space is safer because you have a clearer view.

Combine errands — and do the furthest errand first: This way, you do more of your starting and stopping when the engine is already warm.

Use cruise control only on flat roads: Otherwise, you lose the benefits of coasting down hills.

“Drive without brakes”: As much as possible, pull off the gas and coast to slow down rather than put your foot on the brake.

Here are more times for saving money on gas:

 

Get the junk out of the trunk.  Less weight means better mileage, so don’t use the cargo area as an extra attic. After family vacations, remove all unnecessary items, including that roof-top cargo carrier, which creates wind resistance and lowers mileage.

Use windows wisely. Keep them closed at highway speed, since open windows cause enough drag to reduce mileage by 10%, more than air conditioning.  Open windows in stop-and-go traffic to prevent the air conditioner from working overtime.

Observe speed limits.  Aerodynamic drag increases as speed rises, so 55 mph gives you up to 21% better mileage than driving at 65 mph or more.

Use cruise control.  Braking and accelerating waste fuel, so use cruise control whenever possible to maintain a steady speed.  Similarly, avoid “jackrabbit” accelerating and passing for maximum gas efficiency. If your automatic transmission is equipped with an overdrive gear, switch to it as soon as your speed is high enough. The opposite is true for a manual transmission — the lower the gear, the better the fuel economy.

Avoid excessive engine idling. Save gas by turning off the engine while waiting for friends and family.  Also avoid “reving” the engine, especially just before you switch it off, as this wastes fuel and reduces oil pressure, which further reduces gas mileage.

Keep tires properly inflated according to manufacturer recommendations.  Too much or too little air affects ride comfort, causes tires to wear out faster, and reduces gas mileage by 5%.  A pencil-style tire gauge costs around $1 and a digital version is around $4.  Always check pressure when tires are cold – that means before you leave the driveway or parking lot.

Evelyn Kanter contributed to this report.

 

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Annie Logue

Annie Logue has lived in Chicago for the better part of 30 years now. She loves to travel and find new things, whether around the globe or around the corner. She’s also long been fascinated with money; she teaches finance at the University of Illinois at Chicago and is the author of four books in Wiley’s . . .For Dummies series including Hedge Funds for Dummies, Day Trading for Dummies, Socially Responsible Investing for Dummies, and Emerging Markets for Dummies. She lives with her husband and son on the north side of Chicago, where she operates Chicago on the Cheap.

  One Response to “Hypermiling: Extreme tips save money on gas”

  1. Hi Annie, just wanted to say I love Chicago on the cheap.
    Great stuff!!

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